1930 in the United Kingdom
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Events from the year 1930 in the United Kingdom.
- 1 February - The Times publishes its first crossword.
- March - Fitness organisation the Women's League of Health and Beauty set up by Mary Bagot Stack; by 1939 it will have over 100,000 members.
- 22 April - The United Kingdom, Japan and the United States sign the London Naval Treaty regulating submarine warfare and limiting shipbuilding.
- 30 April - First section of the 132kV AC National Grid, the Central Scotland Electricity Scheme, is switched on in Edinburgh.
- 5 May - An explosion on the eleventh floor of Bibby's Oil cake mill in Liverpool leaves five dead and almost one hundred injured.
- 24 May - Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Australia becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on 5 May for the 11,000 mile flight).
- 14 July - Transmission by the BBC of the first experimental television play, The Man With the Flower in His Mouth.
- 29 July - British airship R100 sets out for a successful 78-hour passage to Canada.
- 16 August - The first British Empire Games are held in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.
- 29 August - Remaining inhabitants of the island of St Kilda, Scotland, voluntarily evacuated to the mainland.
- 24 September - First performance of Noel Coward's play Private Lives at the Phoenix Theatre (London) featuring Coward, Gertrude Lawrence and Laurence Olivier in the cast.
- 5 October - British airship R101 crashes in France en-route to India on its maiden voyage.
- 20 October - British White Paper demands restrictions on Jewish immigration into Palestine.
- 12 November - Round Table Conference on the future status of India opens in London.
- 25 November - Cecil George Paine, a pathologist at the Sheffield Royal Infirmary, achieves the first recorded cure (of an eye infection) using penicillin.
- December - Youth Hostels Association opens its first hostel, at Pennant Hall near Llanrwst in North Wales.
- 24 December - In London, Harry Grindell Matthews demonstrates his device to project pictures to the clouds.
- 1930–1935 - Unemployment averages more than 18% in Britain.
- R v Betts and Ridley - a landmark case in English criminal law which establishes that to be convicted of a crime, it is not necessary for an accessory to actually be present when the offence is carried out.
- Housing Act provides government subsidy for slum clearance.
- Start of local authorities' assisted wiring scheme to encourage people to connect their homes to the public electricity supply.
- Philco produces the first of its "Baby grand" designs of radio of which it will sell two million.
- Agatha Christie's first Miss Marple novel, The Murder at the Vicarage.
- An Anthology of War Poems, compiled by Frederick Brereton.
- T. S. Eliot's poem Ash Wednesday.
- W. Somerset Maugham’s novel Cakes and Ale.
- J. B. Priestley's novel Angel Pavement.
- Arthur Ransome's children's novel Swallows and Amazons.
- W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman's parodic history book 1066 and All That.
- Evelyn Waugh's novel Vile Bodies.
- 26 January - John Straffen, serial killer (died 2007)
- 13 February - Ronald Stretton, track cyclist
- 7 March - Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, photographer and filmmaker
- 8 April - Dorothy Tutin, actress (died 2001)
- 17 April - Chris Barber, jazz trombonist
- 9 May - Joan Sims, actress (died 2001)
- 27 July - Shirley Williams, Baroness Williams of Crosby, co-founder of the Social Democratic Party
- 8 August - Barry Unsworth, novelist
- 13 August - Bernard Manning, comedian (died 2007)
- 17 August - Ted Hughes, poet (died 1998)
- 21 August - Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (died 2002)
- 25 August - Sean Connery, actor
- 28 August - Windsor Davies, actor
- 10 October - Harold Pinter, playwright, Nobel Prize laureate (died 2008)
- 28 October - Bernie Ecclestone, auto racing tycoon
- 14 November - Shirley Crabtree, professional wrestler (died 1997)
- 15 November - J. G. Ballard, writer (died 2009)
- 22 November - Peter Hall, theatre director
- 1 December - Kenneth Box, track and field sprinter
- 4 December - Ronnie Corbett, comedian
- 27 December - Wilfrid Sheed, English-born American writer
- 19 January - Frank P. Ramsey, mathematician (born 1903)
- 2 March - D. H. Lawrence, writer (born 1885)
- 19 March - Arthur Balfour, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (born 1848)
- 21 April - Robert Bridges, poet (born 1844)
- 25 May - Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1848)
- 7 July - Arthur Conan Doyle, author (born 1859)
- 29 August - William Archibald Spooner, scholar and Anglican priest (born 1844)
- 27 November - Johnny Tyldesley, cricketer (born 1873)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 372–373. ISBN 978-0-7126-5616-0.
- "The Fitness League History". Fitness League. http://www.thefitnessleague.com/about-us/the-fitness-league-history. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
- Shaw, Alan (29 September 2005). "Kelvin to Weir, and on to GB SYS 2005" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. http://www.royalsoced.org.uk/enquiries/energy/evidence/ShawA1.pdf. Retrieved 2011-01-10.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 978-0-14-102715-9.
- "St Kilda". National Trust for Scotland. http://www.kilda.org.uk/frame1.htm. Retrieved 2010-09-10.
- Wainwright, M.; Swan, H.T. (1986). "C.G. Paine and the earliest surviving clinical records of penicillin therapy". Medical History 30: 42–56. PMC 1139580. PMID 3511336. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1139580. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
- Coburn, Oliver (1950). Youth Hostel Story. London: National Council of Social Service.
- Slapper, Gary (23 June 2008). "The cases that changed Britain: 1917-1954". The Times (London). http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/law/article4179652.ece. Retrieved 31 March 2009.
- The History Today Companion to British History. London: Collins & Brown. 1995. p. 391. ISBN 978-1-85585-178-8.
- Biscoe, John. "History of public supply in the UK". Engineering Timelines. http://www.engineering-timelines.com/how/electricity/electricity_07.asp. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
- Mahon, Morgan E. (1990). A Flick of the Switch 1930–1950. Antiques Electronics Supply. p. 116.
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