Counties of Lithuania

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The territory of Lithuania is divided into 10 counties (Lithuanian: singular apskritis, plural apskritys), all named after their capitals. The counties are divided into 60 municipalities (Lithuanian: singular savivaldybė, plural savivaldybės): 9 city municipalities, 43 district municipalities and 8 municipalities. Each municipality is then divided into elderates (Lithuanian: singular seniūnija, plural seniūnijos). This division was created in 1994 and slightly modified in 2000.

Counties are administered by county governors (Lithuanian: singular  – apskrities viršininkas, plural  – apskrities viršininkai) who are appointed by the central government in Vilnius. Their primary duty is to ensure that the municipalities obey the laws and the Constitution of Lithuania. They do not have great powers vested in them, and so it is suggested that 10 counties are too much for Lithuania as the two smallest counties administer only four municipalities. There is a proposal to replace the counties with four or five lands, a new administrative unit, that would be decided according to the ethnographic regions of Lithuania and based on the 5 major cities with the population more than 100,000.

Modern apskritys should not be confused with apskritys that existed in the independent Lithuania during the interwar period. At that time Lithuania had a two-step administrative division: apskritys that were subdivided into valsčius. Lithuania now has a three-step division: counties, municipalities, and elderates (apkritys, savivaldybės, and seniūnijos). See subdivisions of Lithuania for details.

Map

This map shows counties as well as municipalities. Eight city municipalities and two municipalities are marked by numbers:

1 – Vilnius city municipality
2 – Kaunas city municipality
3 – Klaipėda city municipality

4 – Panevėžys city municipality
5 – Šiauliai city municipality
6 – Alytus city municipality

7 – Birštonas municipality
8 – Palanga city municipality
9 – Visaginas city municipality
10 – Neringa municipality

File:Municipalities in Lithuania.png

List

# County
(media help)
Capital Area
in km² (rank)
Population
in 2001 (census)[1]
Population
in 2008 (rank)[2]
Population
per km² (rank)[2]
Municipalities
1 Alytus County
(listeninfo)

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Alytus 5,425 (6) 187,769 177,040 (7) 32.6 (8)
2 Kaunas County
(listeninfo)

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Kaunas 8,089 (3) 701,529 673,706 (2) 83.3 (2)
3 Klaipėda County
(listeninfo)

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Klaipėda 5,209 (7) 385,768 378,843 (3) 72.7 (3)
4 Marijampolė County
(listeninfo)

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Marijampolė 4,463 (8) 188,634 181,219 (6) 40.6 (5)
5 Panevėžys County
(listeninfo)

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Panevėžys 7,881 (4) 299,990 284,235 (5) 36.1 (7)
6 Šiauliai County
(listeninfo)

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Šiauliai 8,540 (2) 370,096 349,876 (4) 41.0 (4)
7 Tauragė County
(listeninfo)

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Tauragė 4,411 (9) 134,275 127,378 (10) 28.9 (9)
8 Telšiai County
(listeninfo)

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Telšiai 4,350 (10) 179,885 173,383 (8) 39.9 (6)
9 Utena County
(listeninfo)

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Utena 7,201 (5) 185,962 172,580 (9) 24.0 (10)
10 Vilnius County
(listeninfo)

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Vilnius 9,729 (1) 850,064 848,097 (1) 87.2 (1)

See also

References

  1. "Number of population by county, city (town) and municipality". Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. 2005-12-01. http://www.stat.gov.lt/en/pages/view/?id=1712. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "M3010211: >>>Total area and population by administrative territory". Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. http://db1.stat.gov.lt/statbank/SelectVarVal/Define.asp?Maintable=M3010211&PLanguage=1. Retrieved 2008-07-30. 

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