Hiroshima Prefecture

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Hiroshima Prefecture
Japanese: 広島県
Hiroshima-ken
Map of Japan with Hiroshima highlighted
Capital Hiroshima
Region Chūgoku
Island Honshu
Governor Hidehiko Yuzaki (since November 2009)
Area (rank) 8,476.95 km² (11th)
 - % water 0.3%
Population  (March 1, 2011)
 - Population 2,857,990 (12th)
 - Density 337.15 /km²
Districts 5
Municipalities 23
ISO 3166-2 JP-34
Website http://www.pref.hiroshima.lg.jp
Prefectural symbols
 - Flower
 - Tree Japanese maple (Acer palmatum)
 - Bird Red-throated diver (Gavia stellata)
 - Fish {{{Fish}}}
Symbol of Hiroshima Prefecture
Symbol of Hiroshima Prefecture
TemplateDiscussionWikiProject Japan

Hiroshima Prefecture (広島県 Hiroshima-ken?) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island.[1] The capital is the city of Hiroshima.[2]

History

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province[3] and Aki Province.[4] This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history. Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara.

Hiroshima is home to two UNESCO World Heritage sites:

Geography

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Chūgoku. Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast.

The province facing Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea. Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea.[5] The prefecture also includes many small islands.

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild.

Cities

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Aki-ku
Asakita-ku
Asaminami-ku
Higashi-ku
Minami-ku
Naka-ku
Nishi-ku
Saeki-ku

Towns and villages

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Fuchū
Kaita
Kumano
Saka
Jinsekikōgen
Sera
Ōsakikamijima
Akiōta
Kitahiroshima

Mergers

Economy

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles (Mazda is headquartered in Hiroshima Prefecture) and shipbuilding (Kure was one of the main naval bases of the Imperial Japanese Navy and remains a major commercial yard).

Education

University

Transportation

Railway

People movers

Streetcars

Roads

Expressways

National highways

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Ports

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

Airports

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima.

Football

Baseball

Volleyball

Tourism

Famous for festival and event

  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held on May
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Onomichi Port Festival - held on April
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held on July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held on August
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held on August
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held on May 3 to 5
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held on November 18 to 20
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held on June
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14 [cn]

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 320 at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp. 319-320 at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Bingo" at p. 76 at Google Books.
  4. Nussbaum, "Aki no kuni" at p. 18 at Google Books.
  5. Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p. 320 at Google Books.

References

External links

Coordinates: 34°26′N 132°45′E / 34.433°N 132.75°E / 34.433; 132.75