There were estimated to be 60,000 Peruvians in Japan as of 2003 . Roughly half are themselves descendants of earlier Japanese immigrants to Peru, while the rest are of other ethnicities.
In 1990, Japan introduced a new ethnicity-based immigration policy which aimed to encourage Japanese descendants overseas to come to Japan and fill the country's need for foreign workers. From 1992 to 1997, data from Peru's Ministry of the Interior showed Japan as the fourteenth-most popular destination for Peruvian emigrants, behind the Netherlands and ahead of Costa Rica.
- International Press (newspaper)
- IPC (television station)
- Aquino Rodríguez, Carlos (1999), "Migración internacional del trabajo: el caso de los peruanos en Japón", in Girado, Gustavo, 8va reunión del Grupo de Trabajo de Desarrollo de Discursos Humanos, Pacific Economic Cooperation Council, http://www.asiayargentina.com/pdf/241-migracion.PDF
- Takenaka, Ayumi (2003), "Paradoxes of ethnicity-based migration: Peruvian and Japanese-Peruvian migrants in Japan", in Goodman, Roger, Global Japan: the experience of Japan's new immigrant and overseas communities, Routledge, ISBN 9780415297417