28th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
28th Congress of the CPSU (July 2, 1990—July 13, 1990) was held in Moscow. It was held a year ahead of the traditional schedule and turned out to be the last Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) congress in the history of the party. Operating under the Gorbachev reform of Demokratizatsiya, in contrast to earlier party congresses which approved party programs submitted for approval without discussion, there was extensive discussion of alternate course of action.
- Mikhail Gorbachev was reelected General Secretary (by a 3411 to 501 vote); Vladimir Ivashko was elected his deputy.
- A new Party Statute was passed, which formalized the end of the monopoly of power of the CPSU announced at the previous Party Conference.
- The New Union Treaty project was proposed by Gorbachev.
- Boris Yeltsin and some others resigned from the party after the "CPSU Democratic Platform" group failed to advance the transition to a parliamentary structure of the organization, while the "Marxist Platform" failed to oppose Gorbachev's reforms of "healing socialism by capitalism".
- The congress failed to issue the next Program, and issued only a Program Declaration.
Various organizations claiming to be the successor of the CPSU have held congresses continuing the numbering established by the CPSU and its predecessors. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1992) held its so-called XXIXth Restorative CPSU Congress in 1992 declaring the CPSU reinstated. Similarly, the Union of Communist Parties — Communist Party of the Soviet Union established in 1993, has also held congresses starting from XXIX, the most recent being XXXIIIrd Congress .
- Jonathan Harris. Subverting the System: Gorbachev's Reform of the Party's Apparat, 1986-1991. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005. ISBN 978-0-7425-2679-2; Ch. 6: Towards the 28th Congress of the CPSU: 1990, pp. 107–120
- Bill Keller, EVOLUTION IN EUROPE; Soviet Party: Hazy Future. New York Times, July 13, 1990. Accessed October 18, 2008
- Pages 167 to 173, Robert V. Daniels, The End of the Communist Revolution, Routledge (1993), trade paperback, 222 pages, ISBN0-415-06159-4
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