Five Star Movement

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Five Star Movement
Leader Beppe Grillo
Founded 4 October 2009
Membership  (2012) 255.339[1]
Ideology Populism
International affiliation none
European affiliation none
European Parliament Group no MEPs
Official colours Yellow and White
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 630
0 / 315
European Parliament
0 / 73
Beppe Grillo in Turin during the 2010 campaign

The Five Star Movement (Movimento 5 Stelle, M5S), originally known as Movement of National Liberation (Movimento di Liberazione Nazionale), is an Italian political party launched by Beppe Grillo, a popular comedian and blogger, and Gianroberto Casaleggio on 4 October 2009.[3][4][5] The party is populist,[6][7][8] ecologist,[9] and partially Eurosceptic.[10][11] It also advocates direct democracy[12][13] and free access to the Internet,[14] and condemns corruption.


2010 regional elections

At the 2010 regional elections the M5S obtained notable results in the five regions where it run a candidate for President: Giovanni Favia gained 7.0% of the vote in Emilia-Romagna (6.0% for the list, 2 regional councillors elected), Davide Bono 4.1% in Piedmont (3.7%, 2 councillors), David Borrelli 3.2% in Veneto (2.6%, no councillors), Vito Crimi 3.0% in Lombardy (2.3%, no councillors) and Roberto Fico 1.3% in Campania (1.3%, no councillors).[15]

2012 local elections

At the 2012 local elections the M5S did well in several cities of the North, notably in Genoa (14.1%),[16] Verona (9.5%),[17] Parma (19.9%),[18] Monza (10.2%),[19] and Piacenza (10.0%).[20] In the small Venetian town of Sarego, the M5S's candidate was elected mayor with 35.2% of the vote (there is no run-off in towns with less than 15,000 inhabitants).[21] In the run-offs the party won the mayorships of Parma (60.2%),[18] Mira (52.5%),[22] and Comacchio (69.2%).[23]

After the election, the party has consistently scored around 15-20% nationally in opinion polls, frequently ahead of The People of Freedom and second just to the Democratic Party (see 2013 general election).

2012 Sicilian regional election

At the Sicilian regional elections of 2012 the M5S filed as candidate Giancarlo Cancelleri. The campaign kicked-off with Grillo's arrival in Messina on 10 October swimming from the mainland.[24][25] In the election Cancelleri came third with 18.2% of the vote, while the M5S was the most voted party with 14.9%, obtaining 15 seats out of 90 in the Regional Assembly, in a very fragmented political landscape.[26] The election was however characterized by a low participation as only 47.4% of eligible voters effectively turned out to vote.[27]

2013 general election

On 29 October, Grillo announced the guidelines for standing as party candidates in the 2013 general election.[28][29] For the first time in the world, the candidates were chosen by party members through an online primary between 3 and 6 December.[30]

On 12 December, Grillo expelled two leading members from the party: Giovanni Favia, regional councillor of Emilia-Romagna, and Federica Salsi, municipal councillor in Bologna. The former had talked about the lack of democracy within the party, while the latter had taken part in a political talk show on Italian television, something that was discouraged and later forbidden by Grillo.[31]

See also


  2. Il Movimento per la Decrescita Felice prende le distanze dal Movimento 5 Stelle
  3. (2009). NOTIZIE IN DUE MINUTI. Corriere della Sera. URL accessed on 27 May 2012.
  4. (2009). Nasce il Movimento (a 5 stelle) di Liberazione Nazionale di Beppe Grillo. polisblog. URL accessed on 27 May 2012.
  5. Italian politics: A waning star? | The Economist. URL accessed on 2012-11-04.
  6. Italian upstart party does well in local polls. AFP. URL accessed on 30 May 2012.
  7. Populist former comic frightens Italy's parties. Chicago Tribune. URL accessed on 30 May 2012.
  9. Beppe Grillo: The new live wire of Italian politics. Times of Malta. URL accessed on 30 May 2012.
  11. Andrea Mollica (2012). Beppe Grillo: “L’Italia deve uscire dall’euro”. Giornalettisimo. Giornalettisimo. URL accessed on 27 May 2012.
  16. Elezioni 2012, Amministrative. Corriere della Sera. RCS Mediagroup S.p.a.. URL accessed on 27 May 2012.
  17. Elezioni 2012 Amministrative,Risultati Comune diVERONA. Corriere della Sera. RCS Mediagroup S.p.a.. URL accessed on 27 May 2012.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Elezioni Amministrative 2012, risultati comune di Parma. Corriere della Sera.
  19. Elezioni Amministrative 2012, risultati comune di Monza. Corriere della Sera.
  20. Elezioni Amministrative 2012, risultati comune di Piacenza. Corriere della Sera.
  21. Elezioni Amministrative 2012, risultati comune di Sarego. Corriere della Sera.
  22. Elezioni Amministrative 2012, risultati comune di Mira. Corriere della Sera.
  23. Elezioni Amministrative 2012, risultati comune di Comacchio. Corriere della Sera.
  24. Elections in Sicily: Tip of the boot. The Economist. URL accessed on 4 November 2012.
  25. Tom Kington. Italian comedian turned politician in row over his 'medieval sexism'. The Observer. URL accessed on 5 November 2012.
  27. Sicily's first gay governor opens a new schism between Italy's old enemies - Europe - World - The Independent. URL accessed on 2012-11-05.
  28. Passaparola - Comunicato Politico 53 - Elezioni politiche online - Beppe Grillo - YouTube. URL accessed on 2012-10-30.
  29. Politiche, Grillo esclude i big E i «perdenti» si fanno avanti - Corriere di Bologna. URL accessed on 2012-10-30.

External links

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