Mathilde Franziska Anneke

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Mathilde Franziska Anneke
Born April 4, 1817(1817-04-04)
Hiddinghausen Wp→, Westphalia Wp→, Prussia
Died November 25, 1884(1884-11-25) (aged 67)
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA
Organization SPD, Communist (friend of Karl Marx), Republican Party (United States) Wp→ (friend of Senator Carl Schurz)
Political movement Abolitionist, Women's rights movement, German Revolution 1848/49

Mathilde Franziska Anneke (April 3, 1817 – November 25, 1884) was a German feminist, socialist, and newspaper editor, owner, and reporter. Born Mathilde Franziska Geisler, her first marriage to Alfred von Tabouillot, a rich wine merchant, ended in divorce. The ensuing custody battle over the children influenced her feminist views greatly.[1] She later married Fritz Anneke, a former Prussian artillery officer, whom she had met in Münster Wp→, Westphalia, and the couple began publishing a daily newspaper for the working class in Cologne. When Fritz was jailed for his political activities, Mathilde continued to write, manage, and publish the paper until it was banned by the authorities in 1847. One year later, Mathilde started a new paper, the first German feminist newspaper, Frauen-Zeitung, in 1848.[2] Upon his release from prison, Mathilde later travelled with Fritz during the Prussian invasion of the Palatinate Wp→, writing about it.[3] After the Prussian victory, the couple fled Germany and emigrated to the United States. Upon her resettlement in Milwaukee, Anneke recreated her career as a feminist author and publisher, becoming a friend and colleague of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.[4] In March 1852, Mathilde started the first feminist journal in the United States published by a woman, the Deutsche Frauen-Zeitung.[5]

The Annekes were vocal opponents of slavery during the American Civil War, and Fritz served in the Union army Wp→, as colonel and commanding officer of the 34th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment Wp→. The younger brother of Fritz, Emil Anneke Wp→, was Michigan's first Republican Auditor General Wp→. Mathilde and Fritz' son Percy Anneke Wp→ became later an entrepreneur in Duluth, Minnesota Wp→, where he was one of the founders and owners of Fitger Brewing Company Wp→ until he sold his shares at the beginning of the prohibition Wp→ and moved to Pasadena, California Wp→.

Mathilde Anneke later founded a girl's school in Milwaukee that remained open until 1884.

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