Populist nationalism is the contemporary right-wing political movement which is increasing in power in Europe and is represented in the United States by Donald J. Trump. It was foreshadowed by fascism and German national socialism. The movement rejects internationalism and embraces nationalism. Promising jobs and prosperity, populist nationalism appeals to sections of the working class, particularly those of the dominant ethnic component of the population.
Fascism, particularly Nazism, has a history of aggressive militarism which risks war. Much of this risk rises from intervention on behalf of national minorities in neighboring countries such as Sudetenland Germans in the case of the Nazis, or Russians in Crimea in the case of Russia. Devotion to the native population can, and has, included murderous racism.
There is no actual difference between populist nationalism and successful imperialist conquest as practiced by Britain or the United States but, as winners write history, fascism has the connotation of nationalism as practiced by a weaker contender such as Italy.
Spanish, Portuguese, and Latin American fascism is, for the most part, a reactionary response to social revolutionary orientations of a population.
- "Will France Sound the Death Knell for Social Democracy? As a presidential election approaches this spring, even workers in the country’s rust belt are embracing right-wing populism." article by James Angelos in The New York Times Magazine January 24, 2017 "Le Pen has adopted an old-left economic message at a time when the center-left has largely abandoned it. Across much of Europe, in fact, far-right parties are increasingly presenting themselves as guardians of workers and of the welfare state for native citizens, promising to preserve it from the threat of foreign newcomers."