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Libya (Arabic: ليبيا ‎ Lībiyā; Libyan vernacular: Lībya; Amazigh: ), is a country located in North Africa. Bordering the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Libya lies between Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.

With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), 90% of which is desert, Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa by area, and the 17th largest in the world. The capital, Tripoli, is home to 1.7 million of Libya's 5.7 million people. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, the Fezzan, and Cyrenaica. Libya has the second highest GDP (PPP) per capita of Africa, behind Equatorial Guinea. This is largely due to its large petroleum reserves and low population.

The country, led by Muammar Gaddafi since 1969, had gone through a civil war and imperialist invasion in resulting in the overthrow and death of Gaddafi.

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